Case 8: Muhammad Cartoon Controversy
Reporters Vary By Culture
Journalism’s professional values differ by culture. This 2006 article from the Columbia Journalism Review examines Western and Arab journalists’ perspectives.
Covering the Caricature Controversy
This transcript of a podcast from Poynter provides multiple perspectives to the cartoon controversy and other useful links.
Plot to Kill Cartoonist
Danish newspapers reprint the controversial cartoons after the arrest of three conspirators who planned to kill the man who drew it.
The 12 original Jyllands-Posten cartoons
A YouTube montage of the drawings that created all the uproar (video).
The Danish Cartoons – debated on CNN
CNN International reports on the story on February 4, 2006, with debate between Muslim Public Affairs Council Director Ahmed Younis and author Christopher Hitchens (video).
Kurt Westergaard, Part 1
The first part of a Danish interview with Kurt Westergaard, the cartoonist who drew some of the cartoons (video with English subtitles).
Kurt Westergaard, Part 2
The second part of a Danish interview with Westergaard (video with English subtitles).
Kurt Westergaard, Part 3
The third part of a Danish interview with Westergaard (video with English subtitles).
Danish Cartoon Coverage should be guided by Code of Ethics
The Society of Professional Journalists released this response to the publication and resulting violence from the cartoon’s publication.
Iranian Journalist attacks cartoons
An imprisoned Iranian journalist attacks the ethical—and political—decision to print the cartoons in June 2006.
Prejudiced Danes Provoke Fanaticism
A British newspaper journalist, Nancy Graham Holm, offers this article that Danish people, many of whom are not religious, cannot understand the depth of affront the cartoons caused.
Cartoons, Confrontation and a Cry for Respect
Excerpt from Maha Azzam’s article in The World Today in April 2006 about the Danish compounding an already sensitive and volatile situation.
Muslims and the West: A Culture War?
John Esposito of Gallup wrote in 2006 about a European media that hopes to test and provoke, and goes as far to call them xenophobic and Islamophobic.
Beyond the Cartoon Controversy
In 2007, Columbia Journalism Review interviewed Danish editor Flemming Rose, who says his conscience about the publication of the cartoons is clear.
The Mohammed Cartoons
Paul Marshall wrote this article for The Weekly Standard magazine in February 2006, saying that Western governments had nothing to apologize for in the cartoon publication.
Editor cleared in French cartoons case
Report from The Guardian in 2007 as charges were dropped against the editor of Charlie Hebdo, Philippe Val, because the cartoons did not amount to ethnic slurs.
Reprint the Cartoons
A German official proclaimed that the cartoons should be printed in light of growing unrest.
Acton Gorton’s Experience at the Daily Illini
The website from the Foundation for Rights in Individual Education reports on the experience of the former editor of the University of Illinois student newspaper.
Charlie Hebdo attack kills 12 in Paris
BBC News reports on the January 2015 shooting at the offices of a French satirical magazine that printed cartoons depicting Mohammed.
Offense Extends to Belarus
In Belarus, a newspaper editor faces years in prison for his decision to print the cartoons, based on inciting religious hatred.
Al-Qaida Enters the Cartoon Controversy
Osama Bin Laden claimed that the cartoons were part of a Vatican conspiracy against Islam.
Iran and Holocaust Cartoons
This NBC News article describes how a Danish newspaper decided to print Iran’s response to the Muhammad cartoons. They hosted an exhibit of cartoons mocking the Holocaust.
The Ethics of Intercultural Communication
AbeBooks.com summary of the 2015 publication from one of our authors, Clifford Christians and Bo Shan.
Media Ethics Beyond Borders
The Media Morals website reflects on international journalism and is from Dr. Stephen Ward of the University of Wisconsin. This specific link is about his book, referenced in Case 8.
Black Jesus stirs up controversy, too
Novelist Jay Parini wrote this op-ed discussing the outrage of some Christians about the Cartoon Network Adult Swim show, which debuted in August 2014.
10 Controversial Charlie Hebdo Covers Translated
Written in January 2015 after the attack in Paris and posted to the website AllThatIsInteresting.com.
The real reasons cartoons offend
Vox.com and Amanda Taub explore in this 2015 article why the cartoons of Mohammed offend so many Muslims.
Why is Kindness Conflated with Capitulation?
British journalist Holm writes a follow-up to the cartoon controversy in 2010. She believes that the only way to diminish violent Islamic fanaticism is to engage in dialogue with kindness and compassion.
Islam and the West: Clash or Coexistence?
An excerpt from the book Who Speaks for Islam? What a Billion Muslims Really Think.
The home page of the Jyllands-Posten, the paper that initially printed the cartoons. (In Danish)